Importance of plant quarantine
- Exotic pests can cause colossal losses to our crop wealth.
- A number of foreign pests entered subcontinent in the early twenties because of inadequate quarantine control.
- Pakistan lies at the gateway between insect fauna of two different zoo-geographic regions (Oriental and Pale-arctic) and hence movement of pest from one region to another can cause untold damage.
- Pakistan’s climate provides ideal conditions for the development of some foreign pests and diseases.
PLANT QUARANTINE DIVISION
Enforcement of Plant Quarantine Act and PQ Rules
Preventing introduction, establishment and spread of harmful exotic plant pests/diseases in Pakistan.
Ensuring pest and disease free export of plant and plant material.
Inspection, treatment and certification of plants and plant products at land, air and sea routes, both for import and export.
GLOBAL CONCERN REGARDING PEST SPREAD AND ACTION
- 1859 Phylloxera Convention
- 1929 Plant Protection Convention (17 countries)
- 1951 International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) revised in 1979 and again revised in 1997
- International cooperation in plant protection
- Standard setting body for WTO-SPS
- Adherence to the International Plant Protection Convention
- Phytosanitary inspection, treatment and certification
- Adoption of international standards on phytosanitary measures
- Fulfillment of requirements of quality and safety– Pesticides Residues, Contaminants, Genetic Modification
- Pest Lists, Pest Risk Analysis, Information Exchange
Introduction , Procedure , Outpost , Progress/Activities
Major Export: Rice, Wheat, Mango, Citrus, Potato, Onion, Dates, Sesame Seed, Spices, Raw Cotton, Sugar
Major Import: Raw Cotton, Raw Jute, Pulses, Broom Stick, Tamarind, Dry Fruits, Ginger, Canola Seed, Sunflower Seed, Rapeseed