DESERT LOCUST SURVEILLANCE AND CONTROL ACTIVITIES IN PAKISTAN DURING 2019
During 2019, Desert Locust spread in all frontline countries due to favourable environment created by cyclones in Arabian sea followed by rainfall and its undetected continuous breeding for three generations in Empty Quarter (Yemen-Saudi Arabian Border) due to law and order situation. The immature Desert Locust swarms invaded Saudi Arabia which were migrated from the Red Sea coast of Sudan and Eritrea in January, 2019. It invaded Iran in February 2019 and subsequently Pakistan in March 2019. The Department of Plant Protection (DPP), an attached department of Ministry of National Food Security and Research (MNFSR), the lead agency on Desert Locust despite meager available resources, immediately moved ground control teams and started control operation in Pasni, Gwadar, Turbat, Uthal, Kharan and Dalbandin areas. By end of May 2019, locust reported in Khairpur district of Nara Desert in Sindh province. Later on, it was reported and spreaded in Rahimyar Khan and Bahawalpur area of Cholistan Desert in Punjab. An area of 239,930 hectares was successfully controlled in Balochistan, Sindh and Punjab during 2019.
DESERT LOCUST SURVEILLANCE AND CONTROL ACTIVITIES IN PAKISTAN DURING 2020
The Desert Locust outbreak remained continue in the country. A country-wide desert locust surveillance and control campaign is going on by the ground as well as aerial team of the DPP. The detail of survey and control activities in four provinces upto 09-08-2020 is as under: -
The current Desert Locust situation in Cholistan desert is calm. However, mature scattered locust adults are present in Rahimyar Khan and Bahawalpur area.
The locust situation in Nara desert is normal whereas nymphs are present in various areas i.e. Islamkot, Mithi, Diplo and Nangarparkar of Tharparkar desert. The combat operation is in progress by the DPP teams to manage the desert locust. Fledgling has also started in Nangarparkar area resultantly immature groups of locust have been observed and treated there successfully.
ANY OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION RELATED TO MINISTRY / DIVISION National Action Plan for Surveillance and Control of DL in Pakistan
A comprehensive National Action Plan for Surveillance and Control of Desert Locust in Pakistan (NAP-DL-Pak) was envisaged to ensure proper comprehension of existing Desert Locust situation, coordination of stakeholders (public and private sector institutions), timely resource mobilization and efficient coordination, surveillance, control and monitoring activities as per the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) evolved by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to overcome the serious threats to country’s agricultural wealth from Desert Locust (DL) and safeguarding national food security. The Stage-II of NAP is in process, whereas the and Stage-2 of Revised NAP will be implemented from 01-07-2020.
Formation of National Locust Control Center (NLCC)
A high-level National Locust Control Centre (NLCC) was established to review the overall Desert Locust survey and control activities in the country. NLCC is providing timely information about Desert Locust to the farmers, growers, local community and all other stakeholder in the country. The meeting of the NLCC is held on daily basis, wherein all the stakeholder i.e. DPP, representatives of various formations of Pakistan Army, Agriculture Departments participate.
FAO SWAC TOC Meetings
FAO SWAC TOC meetings were imparted on weekly basis by the FAO, wherein locust experts of all SWAC member countries, FAO representatives of each SWAC member country and representative of Ministry of Foreign Affairs participated to review the Desert Locust situation. Twenty-One SWAC TOC meetings have been held so far.